Straight Up: Urban Voice Spring 2015
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By Alexandrea Shields
When the venue went dark the audience waited with anticipation. And then, bright technicolor lights illuminated the room. As the first couple of models filed onto the stage, the audience went crazy. Between the music blaring and the screams of “yaaaaass” and “that’s my baby” the noise was deafening. The judges sat behind a table at the end of the runway watching each model closely. Each step and turn was electrifying and the fierceness could be felt a mile away.
Catwalk Classic is a fashion show battle between 12 high schools. Each school’s modeling and production team practices for 6 months and the prize for the event is $1,000. Catwalk Classic gives students an opportunity to see all the aspects of the media arts field (fashion, production, etc.) Catwalk Classic is an example of a culturally diverse event that encourages young people to pursue the careers they dream of doing. However, the Fashion Industry’s leaders have done a poor job with their encouragement of diverse runways and magazine spreads.
New York Fashion Week for Fall/Winter 2014 statistics showed that there was an overwhelming underrepresentation of models of color (meaning anyone who appears to be non-white or of mixed backgrounds); 78.69% of the models were white, 9.75% black, 7.67% Asian, 2.12% Latina, and 0.45% Other. These statistics may come as a shock to some but most people recognize that there has always been an issue. As for magazine spreads and covers; Harper’s Bazaar U.S. and UK, Vogue Netherlands, Paris, Ukraine, Russia, Teen Vogue, Numero, LOVE and Porter all failed to use a woman of color on their covers in 2014.
Vogue UK had not featured a model of cover on a solo cover in 12 years. A survey of 44 major print magazines showed that white models appeared 567 times out of 611 total covers and people of color only appeared 119 times. This means that white women have been chosen as the cover stars almost five times as often as non-white women.
Some models and influential fashion people have had quite a bit to say on the subject. Chanel Iman, 22, once said in an interview with The Sunday Times Magazine that sometimes she’s been excused by designers who say, “We already found one black girl. We don’t need you anymore.” Former models Bethaan Hardison, Iman, and Naomi Campbell were fed up with the lack of diversity on the runway. They all joined to form the Diversity Coalition, an organization that pushes for a more diverse representation in the industry.
Robin Givhan, a fashion critic for the Washington Post, shared her thoughts with me on lack of diversity in an interview. I wanted to know if there was a specific moment when she first thought there was a lack of diversity on the runways and in magazines. Her reply, “There was no particular moment, but in the late 1990s early 2000s was when the homogeneity was most dramatic. So much so that activists within the industry began to raise alarms.”
I also wanted to know what she thought about designers who cast almost all white models for “aesthetic” reasons or designers who use white models to display other cultures instead of models who actually represent the culture. She said, “That certainly is their creative right. But I think they are shirking the broader cultural responsibly of the fashion industry and they’re missing out on a lot of terrific models!” She also said that it seems like they’re creating an extra hurdle for their makeup artists and stylists. She noted that doing so raises complicated and interesting questions about authenticity and cultural tourism. One thing she would tell these designers is, “Be fully aware of what they’re doing; be intentional in your decisions; consider context; and try very, very hard to make sure the result is persuasive or at the very least thoughtful.”
Ultimately, there are a lot of aspiring models, designers, and writers who want to break into the industry but may feel that there is no one who looks like them in these positions. Ms. Givhan told me that she thinks it’s difficult to pursue a particular career path when you can’t imagine yourself in the field, but you have to focus on knowledge and skills.
She believes that talent still rises to the top. She said, “My advice to young people of any race is if you want to do it, go for it! Leap in. Pursue internships. Ask questions. Get your foot in the door. Work hard. Do the grunt work and don’t complain. Be polite. Don’t be entitled. Be patient— you’re not going to be editing at Vogue after only two years of work. Prepare to eat a lot of ramen noodles. The rewards are worth it. Fashion is competitive and tough.” Her last statement came out as more of a question and is moving to anyone young or old who has a vision for their life. “Why NOT pursue your dream?”
Senior Courtney Edwards – From the Heart Christian School, Suitland, MD
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The advent of social media provides virtually instant access to events and happenings just about anywhere. As a result, more and more incidents of police brutality in the United States have been on display. Straight Up: Urban Voice senior Courtney Edwards of From the Heart Christian School in Suitland, Maryland reports that despite the plethora of negative images and stories involving law enforcement, not all police are demonstrating bad behavior.
In recent years police brutality has been a hot topic in the media. The Washington Post reports that 1 in 6 people were unarmed and two-thirds of the fatalities involved either African Americans or Hispanics. 12-year-old Tamir Rice of Cleveland, Ohio, 19-year-old Michael Brown of Ferguson, Missouri and 50-year-old Walter Scott of North Charleston, South Carolina, all African-American, were shot … 25-year-old Freddie Gray of Baltimore, Maryland also African-American, suffered a spinal cord injury and died while in police custody.. In Staten Island, New York another African-American, 43-year-old Eric Garner was choked … and the list goes on … but the public is less familiar with how the police are affected by each of these situations.
“We grieve we feel, we get upset, we cry. You know it’s not just the family that suffers. You were raised not to take a life. Your parents, the Bible don’t take a life, yet you’ve had to take someone’s life. That’s something that never goes away.”
Bobbie Padget is the Co-founder and Vice President of United for Blue and the wife of a Prince Georges County policeman. She notes most officers follow the law…
“There are over 900,000 police officers in this country. They don’t want bad officers any more than we as citizens want bad officers. They want them in jail just as much as you know anyone else.”
United for Blue, works to bridge the gap between communities and police.
“One of the things that we’ve done is a thank you card program which is we want citizens and we want students in school to send thank you notes to the officers so that we can show all these officers they are cared for and appreciated.”
Because police work can be dangerous. On occasion, officers risk their lives, often times for strangers. “Officer Down Memorial Page” reports 54 police deaths in the line of duty so far this year.
“Our job is to protect and serve the community.”
Montgomery County Maryland Police Department detective William Peacock explains his take on how the media has influenced the public’s reactions to police brutality.
“I believe the media has gone overboard and their interpretations of the events that are going on and in many cases they’ve actually helped to fuel fires that were small and became just way out of proportion based on wrong information.”
Peacock adds the stories have influenced people’s opinions, and these opinions have helped to shape negative attitudes. The numerous incidents have contributed to many residents distrust of police.
“I would say that it’s going to be necessary that everybody takes time to meet with one another. Ok. And that, it’s not only the police going after the community, but the community can come on down to the police station and stop in and get to know their community police officers.”
Many citizens and law enforcement suggest the use of body cameras worn by police to help curb the violence.
President Obama Requests Funds for Police Body Cameras
Some police departments already have incorporated the technology. It is yet to be seen if President Obama’s proposal will be implemented nationwide.
Sophomore Lila Bromberg – The Field School, Washington, DC
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Expansion of Washington, DC’s metro rail system is in question. A proposal for the Purple Line, which will run between Montgomery and Prince George’s counties is being considered. One of the areas impacted will be the Capital Crescent trail. It is a shared use, off road trail spanning Georgetown in Washington, DC to Silver Spring, Maryland. Straight Up: Urban Voice sophomore Lila Bromberg of The Field School in Washington, DC reports some Capital Crescent trail-users and nearby residents are concerned about disruption to the public path…
“Hogan Kill the Purple Line!”
Capital Crescent Trail map
Chevy Chase resident Marsha Francis, who lives along Capital Crescent trail, is clearly one of the opponents of the Purple Line proposal. Talks to construct the new line have been underway since the early 2000s. It would be 16-miles of track and run from Bethesda to New Carrollton, Maryland, connecting the Red, Green, and Orange lines. While some residents are concerned about the hefty price tag, others are worried about the disturbance and environmental damage the addition will cause to the Capital Crescent Trail.
“You’re going to have a train and a pathway next to it with- (long pause, can edit out) the renderings that MTA have come out with show a little green strip in between, maybe some plantings, but the way that it’s been described as you couldn’t have any overhanging trees, so all the trees have to go”
Ajay Bhatt is the president of the Friends of the Capital Crescent Trail organization. It is one of the groups opposing the purple line proposal. He says the group’s main concern is keeping the trail, commonly used for biking, walking and running, intact for generations to come.
Capital Crescent Trail
“So certainly we are advocating for preserving this as a park. It’s frustrating to think about the possibility of it all being sacrificed for a project that I don’t think is well thought out and I don’t think is worth the money, especially when there are other things that we can do with that money for transit.”
Among some of Bhatt’s suggestions are an improved bus system and expansion of Capital Bike Share. On the flip side, proponents for the Purple Line argue that it will create a more efficient transit system and encourage economic development. Purple Line Now representatives were not available for an interview, but the group’s website claims that the light rail will decrease travel time significantly for tens of thousands of transit riders and create thousands of jobs. Friends of The Capital Crescent trail’s Ajay Bhatt says that’s not enough, and so the group is taking legal action.
“We’ve sent a letter of intent to sue the state of Maryland, and at the same time just recently the state, MTA has notified the court that they plan to join the Fish and Wildlife Service and the FDA as a defendant in our legal case against FDA and Fish and Wildlife Service.”
The legal case could play into Governor Hogan’s decision. He has postponed an announcement that originally was expected in May, keeping proponents and opponents of the Purple Line in suspense.
Freshman Heleena Aseefa, W.T. Woodson – Fairfax, VA
World Police & Fire Games
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This year’s host of the International Police and Fire Games is Fairfax, Virginia. The games provide a venue for police, law enforcement, firefighters and first responders from all over the world to compete. For many, the long preparation beforehand is just as important as the games. Straight: Urban Voice freshman Heleena Assefa of W.T Woodson High School in Fairfax tells us the games also promote unity and respect.
For Second Lieutenant Tony Shobe using the treadmill is part of a well-orchestrated routine.
“I run 2 to 3 days a week. I do sprints another day of the week, and it’s all in preparation for these games.”
Shobe is competing in Softball with his colleagues from the Sherriff’s office in Fairfax County, Virginia. He’s not only participating as an athlete, however…
“I’m also the director of sports for the world police and fire games, specifically Fairfax 2015.”
And it’s been a four year project for him with 61 different sports, 53 different venues, 10,000 athletes and 4,000 volunteers, coordinating the games is a massive undertaking.
“ So, sports, is one big part of it, but the transportation piece, the medical piece, the food and beverage piece, the logistics piece. … (butt cut) I mean this is going to be a once in a lifetime event, in Fairfax county.”
Not only has Shobe seen a shift in the community, he’s also noticed change in his colleagues at the Sheriff’s office.
“I’ve seen an up – tick in the people we have here in our weight room here in the sheriff’s office. We’ve talked to competitors in Fairfax County here that are… that really… they’ve pumped up their training to prepare for these games.”
Among those colleagues is Sergeant Shaun Timothy. Timothy will be competing in the swim portion of the Games. After more than a decade out of the pool, Timothy welcomed the chance to dive back in the water
“I hadn’t been in a competitive atmosphere in 15 years, so me getting back in the water and on the blocks and being prepared to race another individual in that setting… it was a big step for me.”
Timothy is completing 10 hours of training a week on his own time, both in the pool…and in the gym…
He says that the 10 hours of training is well worth it.
“It goes from city to city all across the world and now it’s in our backyard and it’s a fantastic opportunity.”Deputy Adam Ushramski, Deputy Davis, Sergeant Barr, Sheriff Stacy Kincaid, Deputy Chris Loftis, P.F.C Luwin
Fellow competitor Deputy Adam Ushramaski of the Fairfax county Sheriff’s Office Honor Guard shares that sentiment
“I would say that the biggest thing that I would like to gain and I’m sure a lot of other competitors would like to gain is just the opportunity to compete as an Olympic athlete. … with it being in our hometown now we all have the opportunity to call ourselves an Olympic athlete.”
Honor Guard is one of the many events athletes can choose to compete in. Deputy Chris Loftis will be representing Fairfax in the Honor Guard competition
“As far as training goes it’s long and it’s stressful and it is physically taxing but there’s an end goal in sight and that’s obviously being one of the top teams that competes in the competition and to represent Fairfax well.”
Aside from the intense training and grueling competition, these games work to promote physical fitness within law enforcement. Sergeant Timothy notes what resonates with him is the opportunity to celebrate dedication and sacrifice in public security.
“You see how many people shake hands before and after. And that’s what it’s about.”
The International Police and Fire games will commence on June 26th 2015.
By Dereck Marwa
Go-go, known as a staple of the D.C. music scene since it’s emergence in the 60s and 70s, has remained wildly popular in the D.C. area to this day. However, the audience of traditional go-go has grown older, and a rift has opened between the older and younger generation of go-go fans. The younger generations now pack venues across the region to engage with a movement that provides a hot, fresh, take on the traditional go-go style.
In 2003, go-go band TCB introduced the sound after the sound system at one of their shows malfunctioned. Their percussionist and drummer began to play a slow, rattling, pounding drum beat that they had been practicing.
“The bounce beat is more rototom-driven, with the hi-hat open,” Northeast Groovers drummer Jeffrey “Jammin Jeff” Warren said. “with louder, more aggressive sounds from the drummer. There is a bit more chanting, and in the groove, the feel is a bit more aggressive.”
Since then, a multitude of new bands consisting of youths that were tired of the same old go-go sound have burst onto the scene. Bands like ABM, DTB, XIB, and Reaction Band all owe the foundation of their sound to TCB and its late leader, Reginald “Polo” Burwell. Young people all over the region have consistently come out in force to party to the genre they created.
Traditional go-go shows remain very well attended by older go-go enthusiasts, and they tend to steer well clear of bounce beat. As is the case with other youth-led deviations from the norm, the older generations have fiercely resisted the evolution of go-go. Though some call it “noise,” an all too common gripe with new styles of music, they have some more pressing concerns with bounce beat.
“There’s not enough original music coming out as [there] was 15, 20 years ago” Co-CEO of GoWin Media Nico “the GoGo-Ologist” Hobson said. “There was a lot more work being put in as far as the artists, the go-go musicians, going into the studio and putting out structured music.”
The innovation of young go-go artists has breathed new life into the genre. However, the rift between the two generations may create a barrier to the longevity of bounce beat, and in turn, go-go.
“Of course everything changes with time,” Warren said. “But if the older generation shows the younger generation how we came up with the go-go, then I think that it will stay relevant forever. But I don’t think it’s going anywhere because, as far as the DMV area goes, this is in our blood. We live go-go.”
By Carmen Edwards
The Prince William County School System (PWCS) is the third most diverse school system in Virginia, but it offers no classes dedicated to race relations in the high schools.
County school data shows there isn’t an overwhelming majority when it comes to a student’s race in the high schools. Prince William County Schools are 21 percent Blacks; 32 percent Latino; and 33 percent white.
As the nation grapples with how to end racial strife, Prince William County schools may have found a way to engage students and make them consider the issues of race relations.
“If we were more open about discussing race issues in high school, we would be less likely to have the political confrontations that we’re having in society today,” said Catherine Hailey, a creative writing teacher at Woodbridge Senior High School.
Jeff Girvan, supervisor of History and Social Science for PWCS, said one program called the AP Capstone Course at Osbourn Park High School allows students to choose to research on race relations. The course will be offered next year at Woodbridge Senior and Patriot high schools.
The Cambridge Program, an international curriculum offers students a choice to research Black History, Girvan said. However, it’s only available at Brentsville District and Potomac high schools.
“The Prince William County social studies curriculum lays the factual groundwork…to discern and discuss the factual information so that they can understand an issue from multiple perspectives,” he said.
When asked about their thoughts on the amount of conversation about race relations, students gave varying answers. Many of the non-minority students seemed to find that there was little discussion about race in the school system, while majority students seem to find the opposite.
Lea Taylor, 16, a white high school sophomore at Hylton High School said, “We talk about national race issues in English and World History. We sometimes compare past events regarding race to things that are happening now.”
Other students have a different view.
Camille Edwards, 16, a black sophomore who also attends Hylton High said, “When I bring up race, none of the students are interested and the teachers seem uncomfortable.”
Renee Sardelli, 15, a white high school sophomore at Hylton High School states, “We’ve really discussed the trouble in Baltimore and everything for the past couple of months in English. It’s been really interesting getting to hear other people’s point of view on the topic.”
Lindsay Gonzalez, 15, a black sophomore at Woodbridge Senior High School said, “Race is not a big issue discussed in my classes.”
Betssy Lopez, 16, a Latina sophomore at Woodbridge Senior High School, reported that her classes portrayed racism as a thing of the past. “Whenever we talk about racism it’s only about slavery. It seemed like after Martin Luther King Jr, all [racial] issues disappeared.”
By Chloe Thompson
Payton Beach, a junior at Kent Island High School, took sex education her sophomore year, but said there was one thing missing — a discussion about sex.
“I haven’t learned anything in sex education…ever,” said Beach.
Beach’s experience is not a rarity.
According to statistics from the Guttmacher Institute, 84 percent of American schools are spending the majority of their dedicated sexual education time teaching abstinence.
According to the organization Advocates for Youth, “No abstinence-only program has yet been proven through rigorous evaluation to help youth delay sex for a significant period of time, help youth decrease their number of sex partners, or reduce STI or pregnancy rates among teens.”
Comprehensive sex education should encapsulate all factors that teenagers have to navigate while transitioning to adulthood, but fewer and fewer schools are working with it.
“If you don’t know what you’re doing, how can you prevent getting (STIs)?” said Kent Island High School senior Matt Hoffman. In May, an outbreak of chlamydia occurred at Crane High School in western Texas. Twenty students contracted the STI. The school has three days of sex education each year, and the outbreak triggered a new Texas law in which the school board wants further teaching of abstinence-only education.
Abstinence-only sexual education is the main way most American public schools choose to educate their students. According to federal law, abstinence-only sexual education teaches, “that a mutually faithful monogamous relationship in the context of marriage is the expected standard of sexual activity” and “that bearing children out-of-wedlock is likely to have harmful consequences for the child, the child’s parents, and society.”
This form of sexual education is frequently accused of being completely ignorant of LGBTQ teenagers, since the teachings only acknowledge cisgender, heterosexual relationships. Comprehensive sexual education is a more open policy, in which sexuality, masturbation, abortion and birth control are all discussed. Comprehensive teaches that, “sexuality is a natural, normal, healthy part of life.” No matter if a school district prefers one over the other, the statistics are straight-forward. Students who are taught abstinence-only sexual education are at a high risk of contracting a STI.
During the 80’s and 90’s, sexual education was usually taught with comprehensive policy, or as the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine calls it, “abstinence plus” education. The shift towards abstinence only has been very recent. Why the transition? American pop culture and media reflect a teenage lifestyle that is highly sexualized. Whether it be from the music they listen to or the clothes they wear, 21st Century teens are seen by adults as being rebellious or unruly.
“Our (all teens) parents think we do really crazy things.” says Kent Island High school junior Mallory Boyle. “They think everyone (teens) is always doing drugs, or having sex. That’s probably why they don’t want to teach us anything. They probably think teaching us about sex will make us want to go out and have a lot of sex.”
Teenagers need to know more about sexual identity, gender, sexual intercourse, and different forms of birth control. Without any knowledge of the aforementioned, America will create generations of sexually-uneducated individuals, which will in turn, lead to a lack in culture.
“I haven’t learned anything important in sex education,” said Kent Island High School junior Jackie Sproson. “I think learning about different kind of sexualities and different kinds of birth control would help everyone. I don’t see what abstinence sex ed is helping.”
By Arman Azad
For many parents, independent schools provide an alternative to the public school system–an alternative in which small class sizes and hand-selected students have access to an ostensibly superior education. Yet, for many–especially in the affluent Washington, D.C. metropolitan area with its highly ranked schools–private education is an expensive proposition whose benefits remain unclear.
For Kara Frazier, a student at Garrison Forest School in Owings Mills, Maryland, being a minority in the predominantly white, wealthy private school democratic can be difficult.
“As a black girl in a primarily white school, I do sometimes feel ostracized due to my race,” said Frazier. “Because of the escalating racial tension in our society, we had a town hall back in November (after the Mike Brown indictment decision) to discuss police brutality and other issues our society is facing. After the town hall, lots of (white) parents and students were upset, and it was so evident. Lots of my white classmates started addressing me differently than they had in the past, and there was a clear racial divide in the school.”
Issues of diversity are not unique to private schools. In fact, a U.S. Education Department survey in 2012 from every U.S. school district found that public school students of color get more punishment and less access to veteran teachers than their white peers. Yet, at private schools, issues of diversity are often exacerbated in the context of a student body primarily composed of white, upper-class individuals, where those on financial aid or those in racial groups are often in the minority.
One student at Georgetown Day School, who preferred to be anonymous, said that issues of diversity are not necessarily a result of failure in school administration.
“I inherently feel different, but at Georgetown Day School (GDS) it’s not uncommon to be in the minority in multiple categories. I think the school does a good job of celebrating its diverse student body. However, that doesn’t mean that we don’t run into problems about equity and inclusion. The student body is where we have the majority of the problems. A fair portion of the GDS High School is unaware of their privilege [and] they don’t know how to go about using their privilege to make positive change,” she said.
Further, the National Association of Independent schools (NAIS)–a group that consists of most private schools in the country–sponsors the Student Diversity Leadership Conference every year, where students discuss issues of race, gender, sexuality, socioeconomic status, and other cultural identifiers. Even so, the NAIS reports that just 6.3 percent of students in their member schools are African American, despite the fact that 13.2 percent of the American population identifies as such, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
Nevertheless, at some schools, issues of diversity stem not just from other students, but from the administrations themselves.
“I’ve been at my school for 12 years and I have experienced discomfort due to my race countless times,” said Frazier. “A good number of those times involve teachers making ignorant statements, singling out me and other students of color, or just straight up making racist comments.”
And even in an environment in which she feels comfortable, Frazier still finds it difficult to ignore disparaging comments from those around her. “Because I’ve attended my school for so long, I’m extremely comfortable in that environment,” she said, “but recently it’s become increasingly difficult because of all the prejudice and ignorance. My school talks a lot about how important diversity is, but we are still very far from being inclusive. Our Student Diversity Leadership Council is not taken seriously, even by teachers.”
Despite the racial setbacks faced by independent schools, perhaps a greater class disparity exists between students receiving financial aid and those whose parents are able to fully fund their more than $30,000 yearly tuition.
NAIS reports that 22.5 percent of students are on some form of financial aid at member schools, but being a student on financial aid poses a unique set of difficulties.
“It’s not like people make fun of you for being on financial aid, it’s that we don’t talk about it,” said the GDS student who preferred to remain unnamed. “By not talking about socioeconomic status, we make it taboo. Hidden tuition is where we see the greatest disparity. So for school sponsored trips, if you’re on financial aid, GDS pays the same percentage for the trip, but things like prom and graduation dresses are a problem. Going to prom isn’t just buying tickets to prom. It’s the outfits, hair, nails, dinner, limo, and often times a photographer as well. And to fit in, many kids will spend everything they can to fit in with their peers. Same thing with graduation dresses. They’re expensive and it’s required by the school.”
Christopher Marblo, an NAIS representative, said in a press release that “if schools truly want to meet the needs of their students, prepare them for the realities of the world, and teach them to be moral leaders of the future, then schools must become more diverse, more inclusive.”
For Frazier, the best way of achieving that goal is simply through opening a dialogue and having honest conversations about school communities. The problem, she says, is that “everyone refuses to have the tough conversations that need to be had, simply because they don’t want to feel uncomfortable.”